SHELDUS Version 7.0

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute, University of South Carolina
Publication_Date: August 2009
Title: SHELDUS Version 7.0
Edition: Version 7.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Online_Linkage: www.sheldus.org
Description:
Abstract:
SHELDUS is a county-level data set for the U.S. on 18 different natural hazard event types along with property and crop losses, injuries, and fatalities for the period January 1960 through December 2008.
Purpose:
The database was compiled to examine spatial and temporal variability in historical hazard events and associated losses.
Supplemental_Information:
About SHELDUS (general): SHELDUS is a county-level data set for the U.S. on 18 different natural hazard event types along with property and crop losses, injuries, and fatalities for the period January 1960 through December 2008. For events that occurred between 1976 and 1995, a loss threshold of $50,000 or higher in either property or crop losses was applied (this threshold equals NCDC's logarithmic category 5 = $50,000 to $500,000). With the release of SHELDUS 6.2, the database includes every fatal event since 1960 independent of a monetary threshold. Prior to 1976 and from 1995 onwards, thresholding has been eliminated, i.e. every loss-causing (monetary and/or human) is included. Changes in the data entry methodology were necessary, since the main source of raw data - the National Climate Date Center (NCDC) - changed its reporting procedures in 1995. Please be advised that during 1995, NCDC reported both categorical (logarithmic) as well as exact dollar losses. Thus, the majority of records from 1995 onwards are exact damage figures as reported by NCDC and have not undergone any post-processing by SHELDUS with the exemption of loss distribution of events affecting multiple counties. Additionally, NCDC also improved its spatial reporting system. Instead of reporting affected regions and distributing losses across the affected counties, NCDC moved to reporting losses on a county basis where applicable. Thus from 1995 to present, SHELDUS includes EVERY event that caused property or crop damages and EVERY event that caused one or more fatalities or injuries. Consequently, the database contains many small damage figures like $500, $1000, etc. Please note that SHELDUS exhibits a conservative approach to loss estimation. SHELDUS will always use the lower boundary of loss categories and will always use the lowest loss figure where multiple estimates exist.
The Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute is currently working on eliminating all thresholding in the database. It is anticipated that future releases of SHELDUS will contain additional events that caused less than $50,000 in damages or only injuries for the time period between 1976 through 1995. Anticipate incremental updates with future releases of Version 7.0.
In regard to the spatial coverage of SHELDUS, it should be noted that U.S. county boundaries are adjusted to 2000 designations. The data set does not include Puerto Rico, Guam, or other U.S. territories.
About SHELDUS Version 7.0 (launched 08/2009): New loss events wered added that occurred between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2008. Additionally all thresholding was removed for events that occurred between 1960 through 1975 by adding events causing less than $50,0000 in damages or injuries.
About SHELDUS Version 6.2 (launched 8/2008): New loss events were added that occurred between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2007. Additional events from 1960 until 1995 were added that caused one or more fatalities and were below our threshold of $50,000 in property or crop losses.
About SHELDUS Version 5.1 (launched 02/2007) : New data were added ranging from June 1, 2005 through December 31, 2005. Additionally, the entire year of 1990 was revised due to data errors. Version 5.1 is the first version to include information on presidential disaster declarations, GLIDE numbers and event-specific loss information of selected major events.
About SHELDUS Version 4.1 (launched 02/2006): New data were added ranging from August 1, 2004 through May 31, 2005.
About SHELDUS Version 3.1 (launched 03/2005): New data were added ranging from January 1, 2001 through July 31, 2004.
About SHELDUS Version 2.1 (launched 10/2004): The tornado datasets from 1960 through 1993 and 1995 were revised. Version 2.0 contained incorrect damage figures for those years meaning property damages were overestimated tenfold whereas crop damages were underestimated. This new and updated version matches tornado information put forth by NCDC.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: January 1, 1960
Ending_Date: December 31, 2008
Currentness_Reference: January 1960 - December 2008
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Annually
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -178.217598
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -66.969271
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 71.406235
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.924782
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:
REQUIRED: Reference to a formally registered thesaurus or a similar authoritative source of theme keywords.
Theme_Keyword: Natural Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Property Losses
Theme_Keyword: Crop Losses
Theme_Keyword: Fatalities
Theme_Keyword: Injuries
Theme_Keyword: Damages
Theme_Keyword: Presidential Disaster Declaration
Theme_Keyword: GLIDE
Theme_Keyword: Billion Dollar Events
Place:
Place_Keyword: USA
Place_Keyword: County
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword: January 1960 - December 2008
Access_Constraints: Size of download is limited.
Use_Constraints: Copyright 2009 Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute, University of South Carolina
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Department of Geography
Address: 303 Callcott Social Sciences Building
City: Columbia
State_or_Province: South Carolina
Postal_Code: 29208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1-(803)-777-1699
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1-(803)-777-4972
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: scutter@sc.edu
Hours_of_Service: M-F, 9am - 4pm (ET)
Data_Set_Credit:
Hazard & Vulnerability Research Institute, University of South Carolina
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.0.1770
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC
Publication_Date: 1960 - present
Title: Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Other_Citation_Details:
Used to derive weather-related damage information (property, crop, injuries, fatalities, location, date, duration, intensity). NCDC reported monetary losses in categorical (logarithmic) losses prior to 1995. SHELDUS uses only the lower boundary of these categories. The categories are as following: 1 (under $50), 2 ($50-$500), 3 ($500-$5,000), 4 ($5,000-50,000), 5 ($50,000-$500,000), 6 ($500,000-$5 Million), 7 ($5-$50 Million), 8 ($50-$500 Million), 9 ($500 Million-$5 Billion), 10 ($5-50 Billion)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/ncdc.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Council of National Seismic Systems
Publication_Date: 1970 - 2004
Title: Earthquakes (Epicenters)
Other_Citation_Details: Used only in initial SHELDUS database (v2.1).
Online_Linkage: <http://quake.geo.berkeley.edu/cnss>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: National Geophysical Data Center
Originator: Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Japan
Originator: Stover, C. W. and J. L. Coffman (1993)
Publication_Date: 1960 - present
Title: Signficant Earthquake Database
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Other_Citation_Details:
Used to derive earthquake-related damage information (magnitude, intensity, damages, deaths, injuries, location, date, duration).
Online_Linkage: <http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/form?t=101650&s=1&d=1>
Online_Linkage: www.eic.eri.u-tokyo.ac.jp/catalog
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/pp/pp1527>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: National Hurricane Center
Publication_Date: 1958- present
Title: Hurricane (supplementary)
Online_Linkage: www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastall.html
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder, CO
Publication_Date: 1960 - present
Title: Tsunami Event Database
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Other_Citation_Details: Used to derive tsunami-related damage information
Online_Linkage: <http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/form?t=101650&s=7&d=7>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institute
Originator: Alaskan Volcano Observatory
Originator:
Vocanic Hazards: A Source Book on the Effects of Eruptions by R.J. Blong
Publication_Date: 1960 - 2004
Title: Volcano (Event)
Other_Citation_Details: Used only in initial SHELDUS database (v2.1).
Online_Linkage: <http://www.volcano.si.edu/>
Online_Linkage: www.avo.alaska.edu/avo4/products/products.htm
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
Publication_Date: 1960 - present
Title: Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Other_Citation_Details:
Used to derive earthquake-related damage information (magnitude, location, date, duration, damages)
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/servlet/ShowDatasets?dataset=102557&search_look=50&display_look=50>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Fire Administration
Title: Wildfire (supplementary)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: FEMA
Originator: PERI/University of Delaware
Publication_Date: 1960 - present
Title: Presidential Disaster Declarations
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Online_Linkage: <http://www.peripresdecusa.org/mainframe.htm>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: www.GLIDEnumber.net
Publication_Date: 1965 - present
Title: GLIDE
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Stover, Carl W. and Jerry L. Coffman
Publication_Date: 1993
Title: Seismicity of the United States, 1568-1989 (revised)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Other_Citation_Details:
Used to supplement earthquake information. Full citation: Stover, Carl W. and Jerry L. Coffman, 1993. Seismicity of the United States, 1568-1989 (revised). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1527, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 418 p.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John Mutter (The Earth Institute, Columbia University)
Publication_Date: Status as of June 18, 2009
Title: Hurricane Katrina Decease-Victims List
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Other_Citation_Details:
Used to supplement fatality data related to Hurricane Katrina (future release of Version 7.1)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.katrinalist.columbia.edu/index.php>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey Technical Reports
Title: Volcano (supplementary)

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Changes in County Boundaries: Alaska has census areas and boroughs instead of counties. The names, boundaries, and FIPS code designations have changed considerably over the decades, especially from 1960-1969 when the assigned FIPS codes follow election districts instead of census areas. For more detailed information on the changes in Alaska consult our metadata website at<http://www.cla.sc.edu/geog/hrl/sheldus_metadata.htm>
As of 1960: There were 3,125 counties and equivalent areas (incl. 30 independent cities in Virginia and the independent cities of Baltimore and St. Louis).
As of 1970: There were 3,139 counties and equivalent areas (incl.37 independent cities in Virginia and the independent cities of Baltimore, St. Louis, and Carson City). Changes from 1960-1969: Princess Ann County, VA was absorbed by Virginia Beach city in 1963; Menominee County, WI was carved out of Shawano County, WI in 1961; Salem, VA/51775 became independent of Roanoke, VA/51161 in 1968; Bedford City, VA/51515 became independent of Bedford County, VA/51019 in 1968; Emporia,VA/51595 became independent of Greensville County, VA/51081 in 1967; Lexington, VA/51678 became independent of Rockbridge County, VA/51153 in 1965; Fairfax, VA/51600 became independent of Fairfax County/51059 in 1961; Franklin City, VA/51620 became indedependent of Southampton County/51175 in 1961; Arlington, VA was a county in 1960 but changed status to an independent city in 1970; Ormsby, NV was consolidated with Carson City/32510 in 1969).
As of 1980: There were 3,136 counties and equivalent areas (incl. 41 independent cities in Virginia and the independent cities of Baltimore, St. Louis, and Carson City). Changes from 1970-1979: Washabaugh, SD/46131 merged with Jackson, SD/46071 in 1979; City of Nansemond, VA became Nansemond County in 1972, then merged with the City of Suffolk, VA in 1974; Manassas City, VA/51683 became independent of Prince William County/51153 in 1975; Manassas Park City, VA/51685 became independent of Prince William County/51153 in 1975; Poquoson, VA/51735 became in dependent of York County, VA/51199 in 1976.
As of 1990: There were 3,140 counties and equivalent areas (incl. 41 independent cities in Virginia and the independent cities of Baltimore, St. Louis, and Carson City). Changes from 1980-1989: La Paz, AZ/04012 was formed from part of Yuma County, AZ in 1982; Cibola, NM/35006 was formed from part of the western portion of Valencia County, NM in 1981.
As of 2000: There were 3,141 counties and equivalent areas (incl.40 independent cities in Viriginia and the independent cities of Baltimore, St. Louis, and Carson City). Changes from 1990-1999: Yakutat Borough, AK/2282 was formed from part of Skagway-Yakutat-Angoon/2231 in 1992; Skagway-Yakutat-Angoon, AK/2231 was renamed into Skagway-Hoonah-Angoon/2232 in 1992; South Boston, VA/51780 merged with Halifax County/51083 in 1995; Yellowstone National Park, MT/30113 was removed in 1999; Dade, FL/12025 was renamed to Miami-Dade County/12086 in 1999.
Completeness_Report:
Event and Loss Data Sources: The data were derived from several existing national data sources, of which National Climatic Data Center's monthly Storm Data publications are the major data source. From 1976 to 1995, only those events that generated more than $50,000 in damages were included in SHELDUS. With the release of SHELDUS 6.2, every fatal event since 1960 is included independent of a monetary threshold. For events prior to 1976 and for event from 1995 onwards, SHELDUS eliminated its monetary threshold and includes every loss-causing (monetary or human) event. Prior to 2001, property and crop losses occuring on the same day within the same geography (i.e. county) are aggregated by hazard type.
For events that covered multiple counties, the dollar losses, deaths, and injuries were equally divided among the affected counties. For example, if 4 counties were affected, then each was given 1/4 of the dollar loss, injuries and deaths. Where dollar loss estimates were provided in ranges (e.g. $50,000 - 100,000) - such as in NCDC Storm data until 1995 - the lowest value in the range of the category was used. This results in the most conservative estimate of losses during the time period of 1960-1995. Since 1995 all events with a specific dollar amount or human losses (injuries, fatalities) are included in the database.
The Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute is working on eliminating thresholding throughout the entire database. It is anticipated that future releases of Version 7 will include decadal updates with no thresholding.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Manual data entry using raw data from NCDC, USGS, and other organizations. 1. Record hazard begin date, end date, location, hazard type and losses. 2. Assign one or more of SHELDUS-specific hazard categories (1-18). 3. Geocode loss-causing events based on decadal FIPS code. 4. Geocode loss-causing events reported by NWS climate zones based on the equivalent County-Zone correlation file available from <http://www.nws.noaa.gov/geodata/catalog/wsom/html/pubzone.htm>. 5. Distribute monetary losses evenly across multiple counties where necessary. Loss distribution is mostly required for losses reported by climate zones. 6. Distribute human losses (fatalities and injuries) evenly across multiple counties where necessary. The splitting of fatalities should be avoided and fatalities should be assigned to the specific county where they occurred. 7. Assign GLIDE number where available. 8. Assign Major Disaster designation where available. 9. Assign Presidential Disaster Declaration ID where available.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: sheldus_v6-2_metadata.xml
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Metadata imported.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
G:\Current Projects\SHELDUS\sheldus_v6\sheldus_v6-2_metadata.xml
Process_Date: 20090618
Process_Time: 14233400

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: SHELDUS_v70
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Hazard_Begin_Date
Attribute_Definition: Begin Date of Hazard Event
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Hazard_End_Date
Attribute_Definition: End Date of Hazard Event
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Hazard_Type_Combo
Attribute_Definition: Classified as one or more of the 18 hazard categories
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Name
Attribute_Definition: County where hazard event occurred.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Postal_Code
Attribute_Definition: State where hazard event occurred.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FIPS_Code
Attribute_Definition: FIPS
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Injuries
Attribute_Definition: Number of injuries associated with event.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Fatalities
Attribute_Definition: Number of fatalities associated with event.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Property_Damage
Attribute_Definition: Dollar amount of property damage associated with event.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Crop_Damage
Attribute_Definition: Dollar amount of crop losses associated with event.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Remarks
Attribute_Definition:
Original hazard type description as reported by the data source.
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Eventtypes: 1 - Avalanche 2 - Coastal 3 - Drought 4 - Earthquake 5 - Flooding 6 - Fog 7 - Hail 8 - Heat 9 - Hurricane/Tropical Storm 10 - Landslide 11 - Lightning 12 - Severe Storm/Thunder Storm 13 - Tornado 14 - Tsunami/Seiche 15 - Volcano 16 - Wildfire 17 - Wind 18 - Winter Weather
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Avalanches: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Coastal: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Drought: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Earthquake: Source: a) Epicenter data were obtained from the Council of National Seismic Systems (1970-2004) at <http://quake.geo.berkeley.edu/cnss>, b) Magnitude, intensity, damages, deaths, and injury data were obtained from the National Geophysical Data Center at <http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/form?t=101650&s=1&d=1> and the Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Japan at <http://www.eic.eri.u-tokyo.ac.jp/catalog>, c) Information on earthquakes not listed in NGDC's database was gathered from Stover, Carl W. and Jerry L. Coffman, 1993. Seismicity of the United States, 1568-1989 (revised). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1527. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 418p. (see <http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/pp/pp1527>), and d) as a last resort, damage information was completed with information from major newspaper.
Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database. Between 1976 and 1995 only events that caused more than $50,000 were manually entered.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Flooding: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Fog: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Hail: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Heat: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Hurricane/Tropical Storm: Source: a) National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database. b) Supplementary information was received from the National Hurricane Center at <http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastall.html> and "Monthly Weather Review".
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Tornado: Source: a) National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database. b) Supplementary information was received from the Storm Prediction Center, Norman, OK (1960-1995) at <http://www.spc.noaa.gov/archive/index.html>.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Wind: Source: a) National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database. b) Supplementary information was received from the Storm Prediction Center, Norman, OK (1960-1995) at <http://www.spc.noaa.gov/archive/index.html>.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Landslide: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database. Supplementary information was received from Highland, L.M., R.L. Schuster and M.L. Johnson: "Signficant Landslide Events in the United States". Report. USGS National Landslide Information Center.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Lightning: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Severe Storm/Thunderstorm: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Tsunami/Seiche: Source: National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder, CO, "Tsunami Event Database". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Volcano: Source: a) Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institute at <http://www.volcano.si.edu/> for volcano name, location, elevation, type, statys, and last eruption, b) NGDC Significant Volcanic Eruptions database for deaths, injuries, and damages, c) Alaskan Volcano Observatory at <http://www.avo.alaska.edu/>, d) Volcano World at the University of North Dakota at <http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/vw_hyperexchange/CostVolc.html> and e) "Volcanic Hazards: A Source Book on the Effects of Eruptions" by R.J. Blong (1984, Academic Press: Orlando) for data on specific events.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Winter Weather: Source: National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Wildfire: Source: a) National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena". Every natural hazard event with more than $50,000 in losses (1976-1995) and every fatal event were manually entered into the database. Between 1960 and1975 and since 1995 all loss-causing events (no thresholding) were manually entered into the database. b) Supplementary data was received from The U.S. Fire Administration at <http://www.usfa.fema.gov/inside-usfa/nfdc-data.cfm>.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Presidential disaster declarations: FEMA issues numbers for presidential disaster declarations by state. For every state, FEMA lists so-called designated counties affected by the event. SHELDUS does not include all PDDs. SHELDUS includes only PDDs for selected major events. For more information on presidential disaster declarations see <http://www.fema.gov/news/disasters.fema> or the PERI Presidential Disaster Declarations website at <http://www.peripresdecusa.org>.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
GLIDE number: The GLIDE number is a internationally recognized global identifier for large-scale events. The GLIDE number is fairly young initiative. Between 2002 and 2003, GLIDE numbers were issued for events that are included in the international hazard database (EM-DAT) maintained by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) of the University of Louvain in Brussels (Belgium). Since 2004, GLIDE numbers are issued by members of the GLIDE initiative and upon request. SHELDUS does not include all U.S.-related GLIDE numbers nor is there a GLIDE number for every large-scale U.S. event. SHELDUS includes only GLIDE numbers for selected major events, given a GLIDE number exists. For more information see www.glidenumber.net
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Major events: The major events included in SHELDUS are a subjective choice by the authors of SHELDUS. This list includes not every billion dollar in the U.S. Re-aggregating SHELDUS into major events (e.g. hurricanes can consist of wind, tornado, and flood events) is also subjectively done by the authors based on location and time period since NCDC Storm Data does generally not identify larger systems producing smaller events (e.g. tornado spawned by a hurricane).

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: University of South Carolina
Contact_Person: Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute
Contact_Instructions: www.sheldus.org
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data (www.sheldus.org)
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Transfer_Size: 0.468

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090819
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute
Contact_Person: Susan Cutter
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: University of South Carolina
Address: Department of Geography
Address: Callcott Social Sciences Building
City: Columbia
State_or_Province: South Carolina
Postal_Code: 29208
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (803)777-1590
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.9.6 on Wed Aug 19 14:11:16 2009